Home Drone Puller vs. Pusher Drone – Which is More Efficient? – Droneblog

Puller vs. Pusher Drone – Which is More Efficient? – Droneblog

Puller vs. Pusher Drone – Which is More Efficient? – Droneblog


Much like aviation, drones can are available in a pusher or puller configuration.

Puller vs Pusher Drone

In aviation, an airplane with a puller motor (additionally named tractor) can have the motor mounted on the nostril of the airplane behind propellers or in entrance of the wings. Jet planes have motors located behind the airplane, exercising unimaginable thrust. They’re labeled as pushers.

Now, for a drone, this may be barely complicated. However keep tuned as a result of this text will discover every thing you ever must learn about puller and pusher drones and which is extra environment friendly.

Pusher drones

DJI Avata
Picture: Droneblog

Solely a minimal variety of drones have the pusher configuration. On this situation, the drone can have the motors mounted decrease on the body and the other way up, with the propellers going through the bottom.

Statistically, a pusher drone can generate extra thrust and has higher power administration. In that case, why don’t we see extra of these, and why they’re so uncommon?

It’s due to the general management and aerodynamics. Whereas a pusher drone DOES generate extra thrust, it additionally induces much more air drag, which may be daunting for fine-controlling the drone.

One instance of a drone working below such a configuration is the iProtek 25 Pusher model. 

One other main drawback of a pusher drone, FPV, typically, is that when the drone lands, it may possibly land on the highest nostril of the propellers with a excessive danger of damaging them

Additionally, it signifies that hand-landing a drone is completely not doable. However we’ll get extra into that later.

One more incredible instance of a pusher drone is the DJI Avata. That’s an awesome instance of a pusher drone. Perhaps that’s why it has a number of points tumbling over when aggressively turning yaw or facing higher winds.

✅ Execs

  • It has higher thrust as a consequence of much less air friction when propellers push air. 
  • Extra passable power administration.
  • Pusher drones hover better and might carry out excellently with slow-type flights.
  • Total, the aerodynamics of such drones end in a bit extra flight time if the ability administration is offset appropriately.

❌ Cons

  • The gravity middle may be barely off because of the motors and propellers’ positioning on the drone, growing the probabilities for pusher drones to tumble. A working example could be DJI Avata.
  • It requires higher changes and configurations to make these extra secure for flights.
  • Pusher drones have extra air drag, and extra vibration may be induced.
  • When touchdown a pusher drone, propellers and motors are extra uncovered to slicing grass and getting broken by uneven surfaces (after all, all of it depends upon the drone’s construction)

» MORE: DJI Avata vs. Cinebot 30 (Here’s My Choice)

Puller drones

Picture: Gabriel Mihalcea

The drones we regularly see within the sky, and even the basic graphic illustration of a drone, are certainly puller drones.

These are the usual kind of drone the place the motors are positioned above the arm with the propellers going through upwards.

Whereas these drones generate a bit bit much less thrust than a pusher drone, they’re extra secure, safer to fly and use, and have higher management total.

Due to the drone’s aerodynamics, some puller drones additionally profit from the fast cooling of inside components because of the propeller’s placement (barely above the drone). Whereas it’s not at all times the case, it’s one thing price mentioning.

✅ Execs

  • A puller drone (tractor) has higher flight stability and fewer air drag, which may end up in higher management.
  • Puller drones are extra appropriate for a transit kind of flight (e.g., long-range) and for performing drone deliveries, though pusher drones can elevate extra.

❌ Cons

  • Worse power effectivity: it was scientifically proved that tractor/puller kind of drones have a much less environment friendly power consumption ratio than pusher drones
  • The thrust ensuing from puller drones is noticeably worse than the pusher. A puller drone’s aerodynamics show that motors should train additional thrust to compensate for the air friction a drone’s design induces. 

» MORE: DJI FPV vs. Mini 2 (Here’s My Choice)

Effectivity vs Stability

In the end, it might not be a private alternative for those who’re in search of the very best drone construct, whether or not we’re speaking about customary GPS drones or an FPV drone. 

We have to observe the scientific course of so as to profit essentially the most from a drone, and total, it’s higher to personal a drone kind of puller (a.ok.a., tractor) the place the motors and propellers are going through upward.

That will be an total alternative even when the pusher drones have higher thrust efficiency and energy effectivity. These pusher drones show to operate higher at sluggish speeds with improved hovering stability

In the end, we’ve to take a look at the larger image. How are most drones available on the market constructed? And I’m speaking in regards to the massive majority, approximating over 90% of the drones.

They’re all pullers (tractors) with the motors and propellers going through upwards. The air is pulled immediately from above and pushed via the drone propellers, the place the arms and drone construct play an important aerodynamic position for higher effectivity.

» MORE: FPV Drones vs. Regular Drones (Explained for Beginners)

Constructing your individual FPV drone – Puller or Pusher?

Now, it will all rely on what you’re seeking to do with the drone.

Pusher drones are higher after we’re contemplating the Cinewhoop side, as they’re particularly fitted to slow-type flights and longer flights. 

On the identical time, puller drones have proved to be extra environment friendly in freestyle management and racing. Additionally they can attain excessive speeds, though pushers have higher lift-to-weight ratios.

So, for those who’re confused by the entire mechanism and construction and are undecided on what to choose, it will be superb to easily go together with a puller (tractor) kind of FPV drone.

Pushers additionally require extra PID tuning and Betaflight configurations to make them extra secure in flights. 

And let’s not neglect, pusher drones may endure from occasional tumbling, particularly for those who put a bigger battery on high of the drone and the gravity middle is off-put by the motors and propellers positioning on the body.

» MORE: Buying a Drone vs. Building It: Which Is Best?

Fastened-wing: Pusher or Puller?

Once we discuss with the home-built and customized kind of mounted wings (novice), going with the tractor (puller) kind of configuration the place the engines and propellers are set in entrance of the motor/wings or on the entrance of the airplane are extremely environment friendly and supply significantly better stability.

It’s because the propellers are positioned in entrance of the gravity middle of the fixed-wing drone.

8-rotor Drones: Pusher and Puller

There are a number of uncommon exceptions the place some drones are constructed with eight rotors as an alternative of 4.

Right here, we’ve the kind of multi-rotor drone with eight arms, and on every arm, there’s a motor with propellers (often tractor). They’re best at lifting heavy objects and exercising a excessive lift-to-weight ratio.

Additionally, I’ve seen one distinctive design the place two motors with two propellers are located on a drone arm, one going through upwards and one downwards – principally pusher and puller on the identical time.

Now, within the logical conclusion, an 8-rotor drone would do higher if every of the motors is ready to a person arm, proving to be extra environment friendly in lift-to-weight ratio and power consumption.

The aerodynamics of each push/puller drones with two motors and propellers on one arm could play a big position. Lots of air power is misplaced when the highest motor (tractor) pushes air via the blades on the pusher motor and blades.

The power effectivity may be decreased, particularly if the highest and backside motors are rotating at totally different RPMs (which they shouldn’t).

» MORE: Best Commercial Drones for Land Surveying

Engineer’s perspective

On the earth of science, checks and experiments have been carried out for each pushers and tractor (puller) sorts of multi-rotor drones to show their effectivity and supply outcomes which will serve the ultimate product higher.

A paper was revealed on the College of Michigan referred to as Experimental Investigation of Tractor and Pusher Hexacopter Performance by Prashin Sharma and Ella Atkins. Varied experiments had been carried out in several dynamic checks, comparable to wind tunnels.

Eclectic experiments concluded that pusher drones have a better lift-to-weight ratio however are additionally traded towards a decrease lift-to-drag ratio for the sort of hexacopter design.

On the opposite aspect, puller drones, also called tractors, are extra environment friendly in proving higher stability and flight dynamics, however on the identical time, they devour a larger quantity of power to supply the identical thrust efficiency as a pusher Hexacopter.

Within the experiment, at slower speeds of two.2m/s, the tractor hexacopter required 7% extra power than the pusher model from the experiments carried out within the wind tunnel.

A pusher design is extra environment friendly for hovering and sluggish flight missions, comparable to local-area surveillance and inspection, whereas a tractor design is extra environment friendly for missions requiring considerable transit, comparable to bundle supply.

By Prashin Sharma and Ella Atkins in Experimental Investigation of Tractor and Pusher Hexacopter Efficiency


I’m conscious that this text turned very technical, however there’s a logical purpose and experimentation to show the effectivity of each pusher and puller drones.

To conclude this, I’ll make it quite simple in a number of strains:

  • Puller drones (tractors) are higher and extra widespread. They’re discovered all over the place, and most drones have a puller configuration. They’re extra environment friendly at flying longer ranges and have higher stability, management, and fewer air drag.
  • On the opposite aspect, pusher drones have higher hovering stability and carry out higher at flying at low speeds; in addition they have higher power effectivity and better lift-to-weight ratio, however they’re additionally susceptible to propeller injury relying on the drone construction, and you may’t hand-land a pusher drone.

» MORE: Can Drone Propellers Hurt You? Here’s What You Need to Know



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